Diabetes Definition, Symptoms and Treatment

Diabetes Definition, Symptoms and Treatment

Diabetes Definition

Diabetes is a disease mainly characterized by the fact that it causes high blood sugar levels and they can last for long periods of time, gradually developing as the symptoms tend to worsen as time passes.

It is a disease that, when left untreated, could even cause death. In addition, the lack of proper treatment will eventually cause serious complications, including kidney failure, stroke ulcers and vision problems, which is why it is recommended to take measures as soon as the symptoms become noticeable.

Diabetes is divided into 3 main manifestations:

  1. Type 1

Among the least common type, this one is characterized by the failure of the pancreas to produce enough insulin. It is most commonly encountered among children and adolescents and it required constant insulin administration in order to keep the symptoms under control.

  1. Type 2

This type of diabetes usually occurs due to the organism’s failure of processing insulin properly. In other words, it builds insulin resistance, gradually leading to a deficiency in this regard, moment when the affection will take full effect. It is the most often encountered type of all.

  1. Gestational

Just as the name suggests, it only occurs in pregnant women, even without any history in this regard. Diabetes is usually triggered, in their case, as a result of sudden increases in blood sugar levels that tend to go on for long periods of time.

Worldwide, over 400 million people are suffering from one type of diabetes or another and the situation does not seem to get any better. The good part is that, even though it is an incurable disease, for now, it can be managed quite efficiently and kept under control using a combination of lifestyle changes and professional assistance.

 Diabetes Signs and Symptoms

Among the first symptoms of diabetes is weight loss, especially when there is no apparent cause. Even if this could be considered as a symptom for a lot of affections, it is quite unequivocally when combined with the rest of the symptoms enumerated below:

  • Polydipsia – Constant thirst and difficulties in satisfying it
  • Polyphagia – The permanent sensation of hunger
  • Blurry vision
  • Headaches
  • Fatigue and the inability to rest properly
  • Itchiness at the skin level
  • Skin rashes
  • Frequent urination
  • Weight loss or weight gain, even when lacking obvious causes
  • The low regeneration rate in the case of cuts, bruises or any type of wounds
  • A smell of acetone in the breath of the patient
  • Hyperventilation
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Constant lethargy
  • Gum diseases
  • Male impotence

Aside from this, in a lot of diabetes patients, there is an increased risk of developing cardiovascular problems, due to the instability of cholesterol and blood pressure levels, as well as a result of the glucose fluctuations.

Diabetes Treatment and Therapies

The bad news is that diabetes cannot be cured. Once contracted, there is no way back. You have to deal with it for your entire life. Fortunately, there are ways to cope with the affection and people suffering from diabetes can actually lead normal lives. In this regard, there are several ways to ameliorate the symptoms:

  1. Constant physical activity

This measure is effective both as a treatment and as a preventive measure. It has been established that patients who are predisposed to developing the condition can reduce the risk by living more active lifestyle. The situation was quite the opposite in the case of those who were sedentary.

  1. Weight control

In the case of people with a tendency to get fat, the recommendation is to lose weight and try and maintain it within the normal limits. The same goes for those who tend to be thinner than the rest of the population, which could place them in a dangerous spot in regard to diabetes.

  1. Adopting a healthier diet

It is an essential aspect for everyone and for diabetes patients in particular. Adopting a more balanced eating style could postpone and even avoid the occurrence of the condition. Even more, it aids in reducing the symptoms of the affection after already installed and it helps in keeping it under control.

  1. Insulin administration

It is a useful method of controlling the insulin levels in those suffering from diabetes, regardless of the type of the affection.

  1. Medication

It is great in managing the blood sugar levels.

  1. Surgeries

Especially in the case of those suffering from obesity, who cannot lose weight effectively. Being overweight takes a toll on the evolution of the disease, which is why it is better to monitor and control the weight effectively, even if surgeries are required in some cases.

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