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Our World Diets Is Becoming Increasingly Homogenized
With diets getting homogenized throughout the world, the entire world is probably entering a new epoch of serious obesity. In several developing nations like Georgia and Liberia, people are fast gaining weight. The pace at which people are gaining weight has increased since 2000. This is in comparison to the pace at which people gained weight between 1975 and 2000.
In spite of the fact that the weight gain rate in people is slower, the weight gain scenario has continued. The two trends mean that the entire world is passing from an epoch of serious obesity in place of obesity. This has been stated by Majid Ezzati by taking the two trends together. Majid is the leading scientist who has conducted a study of around 200 countries.
The results of his study were published in the Lancet recently. Majid further says that researchers are completely surprised by this extent of serious obesity. If this trajectory continues, it will become impossible for people to meet the global goals of the World Health Organization. Majid has confirmed this fact. The global goals of the World Health Organization aim towards halting the increase in diabetes and obesity by 2025.
Humans are Getting Heavier
From 1975 to 2014, the percentage of male and females who were overweight and seriously overweight rose significantly. However, the good news in this section is that the percentage of underweight people greatly lessened. But, there were millions still suffering. A BMI or Body Mass Index of 18.5 to 25 is generally considered healthy.
How Fast are Human Beings Gaining Weight?
The average weight of a human being since the year 2000 has increased in different countries and even dropped in some countries. For example, the female population in Denmark and Belgium maintained constant Body Mass Index for around 40 years. However, BMI decreased rapidly post 2000 which was more in comparison to how it decreased before. BMI rose prior to 2000 but kept on decreasing after 2000.
Fall in the Consumption of Different Foods
In the year 1960, the residents of the far-flung countries generally ate several mixes of different crops. During 1985, worldwide disparities shrunk and regular fare became more homogenous by the year 2009. In around 50 years, the variations in foods taken on a regular basis narrowed by around 68%. Some prevalent staples like wheat became more dominant.
On the other hand, oil crops like sunflower, palm and soybean have sharply risen. This convergence has been the result of many small crops. This has been stated by Colin Khoury from the International Center for Tropical Agriculture. It has been found that people are into the intake of excess processed foods which are made using very few ingredients. These foods are fried with oils in place of being steamed.
Scientists are of the view that cases of diabetes, heart disease and obesity are increasing globally. Analyst are also of the view that a rise a calorie is needed in certain regions of the world. Those scientists are also greatly concerned about a fact.
This fact is that if a single crop weakens due to drought or disease, food prices would soar. This would result in the complete crumble of supplies in different continents.
People, throughout the world, are increasingly eating the same varieties of food. People get extra calories from corn, rice, animal products, sugar, wheat and oil crops. In the meantime, consumption of different grains like millet, rye and sorghum have fallen. The consumption of root crops like yams and cassava has also fallen.
Comparison of Rising and Fall in Different Diets from Different Countries
Comparing different diets as per country, five decades of complete change were tracked. The International Agricultural Research Group called CGIAR tracked these changes. On average, North American, South American, and European diets have changed less.
This is in comparison to the diets of the remaining regions of the world. Diets in the Middle Eastern countries have shifted less in comparison to the universal average 36%. The diet of Yemen has shifted more in comparison to the other countries of the world. This is due to the skyrocketing intake of different grains like rice, corn, and wheat along with sugar.
This is also due to the reduction in the intake of conventional cereals such as barley and sorghum. The most drastic change in diet has taken place in Africa. Here, 18 countries take diets that have dramatically changed by around 25%.
The consumption of sugar in Congo has risen 858% since the year 1961. Diets in Asia have also changed drastically. The intake of animal products has risen fivefold in Korea. On the other hand, the intake of sweet potatoes, millet, and rice have declined.
Studies and their Reports
A study conducted on the subject world diets getting homogenized at a fast pace, confirms that people are eating same foods worldwide. The study confirms that people are increasingly having foods from a minuscule number of staple crops.
This is making the universal food supply quite vulnerable to pests and new disease. Another study published in the Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences of USA evaluated the change in national food supplies. The study confirmed that changes have occurred in nation’s food supplies since the last 50 years. This change is at 98% of the world population.
The authors of this study find that different diets worldwide has become quite similar in their composition in the last five decades. The diets increasingly rely on a specific set of crops for dietary calories, weight, fat, and protein.
On the whole, people are taking more food with a good amount of diet comprising of foods that are energy dense. These include animal and plant sources high in oils, sugars and fats. The crops offering a prevailing amount of diet are stapled cereals like maize, wheat, and rice.
The diet will also comprise universally significant oil crop products like palm, sunflower oil, rapeseed, and soybean. The contribution of different oil crops has increased disproportionately in the last few decades.
The changes that have taken place in diets have had a great influence on the regionally significant crops. A study on this subject shows a major decrease in the significance of cereals like millets, rye, and sorghum.
The locally significant crops which are not measured on a universal scale have also suffered at the same rate. With this, the world is probably in danger of losing the wealth of adapting and diverse alternative crops.
This has been confirmed, without advocacy and research efforts and without the need of concerted conversation. In spite of major changes taking place in diets throughout the world, global diets have increased in similarity. This similarity is on an average of 36%.