Table of Contents
Heart Attack – Signs and Symptoms
Heart attack is one of the reasons for the highest mortality worldwide. It is caused due to a violation of circulation in cardiac coronary arteries that supply blood to the heart wall, deliver oxygen, consuming carbon dioxide and metabolites resulting from the work of the heart muscle.
A healthy diet, tranquility and regular physical activity are essential for heart health. Consuming alcohol, fatty and heavy food, smoking are all risk factors that can lead to heart attack.
Often people affected by heart attack or cardiac failure are not sure what is wrong. They feel malaise, which only expected to pass. Most heart attacks begin with mild pain and discomfort. What are the symptoms of heart attack and the cardiac failure?
The most common symptoms that need your attention and should seek immediate medical attention are:
Breast pain – The feeling is of fullness in the center of the chest. The disorder may take a few minutes and then go away. Discomfort is felt in other areas of the body like the back, arms, stomach and neck. Patients with severe heart attack often feel pain in the left arm.
When there is a sustainable coughing and wheezing may also be symptoms of heart failure.
Dizziness – One of the first signs that something is wrong with the heart. Stressful conditions can cause dizziness, even loss of consciousness.
Fatigue and weakness – The unusual and prolonged fatigue and weakness also suggest a heart failure.
Nausea and lack of appetite – When a person feels ill during a heart attack is observed abdominal swelling, discomfort in the stomach, which can lead to vomiting and naturally loss of appetite.
Shortness of breath and sweating – When shortness of breath is not caused by another disease, the feeling of shortness of breath may signal of cardiac failure or heart attack. Another sign is the sudden and heavy sweating. The feeling is defined as “cold sweat”.
Fluid retention – Heart failure can cause fluid retention and swelling, resulting in a yield swelling around the ankles, legs and abdomen.
If you notice these symptoms occur more frequently than normal, do not wait too long and seek for a doctor’s advice. Eat healthy by reducing fatty foods and take more fresh fruits and vegetables, especially carrots. Exercise whenever you can or just walking. The heart is your friend who requires special attention and care.
7 potential causes of heart attack
Cholesterol is a word to which doctors scare almost every second person, who is above 30 years. What it really is, and does is always dangerous if its content in the body increases …
Cholesterol is found in many living organisms. In humans it is produced simultaneously in several organs – liver, kidneys, adrenal glands and parts of the reproductive system.
About 80% of the body’s cholesterol is made by the body itself, the remaining 20% are absorbed by the food. Sometimes, this ratio is impaired in either direction – certain factors may accelerate the development of cholesterol, or vice versa.
However, not all cholesterol is harmful. Since its pure form is not absorbed by human tissues, it exists in the body in the form of compounds – lipoproteins. They are divided into two types – with high and low density.
Low density lipoproteins (Bad or LDL cholesterol) increase the risk of narrowing and blockage of blood vessels and ultimately – of heart attack and stroke.
The large amount of protein of high density (or called. HDL or good cholesterol) on the contrary. They are considered a sign of good health.
The amount of the two types of lipoproteins in the body affect various factors which, incidentally, is in the ability of each of us to control and eliminate.
The main reasons for increasing in cholesterol and the risk of health can be reduced to 7:
- If you are overweight
Being overweight is a serious sign of approaching health problems. As a rule, by people with overweight the levels of good cholesterol are lower than normal. And accordingly, the bad cholesterol has higher levels. Fortunately, to deal with this problem do not have to take drugs – enough will be to lose some weight.
- Too much fat in the food you eat
Of all the factors affecting the level of cholesterol in the blood, this is perhaps the most important. So – if you really want to protect your heart, watch what you eat. The greasy meat, whether pork, veal or beef contains too much mono-fats. The same goes for dairy products with high fat content. If a food label says it contains coconut or palm oil, it is better not to consume it.
- Little movement
Lack of physical activity has on the body the same effects as weight gain – even with your figure everything seems fine. Good cholesterol drops and the bad rises. The danger of heart attack and stroke becomes closer. If you cannot find time for the pool and the gym, a 30-minute walk a day is also enough.
- Now you’re over 50
After the 20th birthday the level of cholesterol starts slowly but steadily to increase. And it does not depend on the body type and the diet you have. After reaching 50, by men its level is stabilized around what is has already reached. The cholesterol level by women remains low enough to the menopause, when suddenly begin to rise.
- If you have a genetic predisposition
If you are from a family in which many people have suffered from heart disease, this is not good news – this disease is often inherited. If one of your parents have high cholesterol, you should regularly track your cholesterol levels.
For the harm of cigarettes surely everyone has heard many things. But still – another fact – Smoking lowers levels of good cholesterol, which ultimately has a negative effect on the heart.
- Thyroid Problems
The increased cholesterol can be a symptom or result of some diseases. For example – diabetes and the hypothyroidism – dysfunction of the thyroid gland. Signs of hypothyroidism include fatigue, drowsiness, hair loss, constipation, bloated face.
For each of these reasons, there is a way to overcome:
- Diet for weight reduction, respectively, for lowering cholesterol and medicaments for that purpose.
- Include physical activity in your daily routine.
- Quit smoking.
- Replacement of the usual patterns of behavior with smarter emotions, including tolerance, forgiveness and love.
- Study of thyroid hormones and blood sugar with medical advice to carry out the necessary treatment.
Prevention of a heart attack
After reaching the age of 45 you need to consult with your doctor about what steps you can take to prevent a heart attack.
Regular screening can identify the risk factors and they should be treated to prevent a heart attack. Of course if you want to feel well, your physical shape is very important.
Sport, vitamins, maintaining a healthy weight are the main factors for prevention. Quitting smoking and reducing the quantities of alcohol also helps. After a heart attack is important to reduce the total fat in the body, here’s how this can happen:
- Avoid fried foods;
- Reduce consumption of cakes, crisps, sweets.
- Eat small portions of meat and before cooking it remove all fat from the meat.
An important factor is eating lots of fiber: whole grain bread, fruits, vegetables, peas, beans, lentils. Reduce sweet and salt.
It is always best if you suspect that are at risk, consult your doctor.