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What are Probiotics?
Probiotics are something very complicated and difficult to explain in two sentences. Briefly, they are actually bacteria. When we hear that, however, we imagine bad things, actually they are not. These bacteria are good and essential to the existence of our body. Probiotics are live bacteria that have a very important function in the human body and especially for the stomach and its ability to process food or put it another way for keeping the internal microbial balance.
How do they work?
The probiotic has one mission in our body, but in contrast, is extremely important and without its existence man can not exist. Its role is to help the proper functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, stimulating the production of the necessary quantity of enzymes and digestive juices.
As we know after eating your body begin working on the ingested food and trying to extract only the beneficial ingredients. This function is performed by the digestive juices. So, if you don’t have probiotics in your organism, you will not have the necessary digestive juices and is more likely to have major health problems for this reason.
How your body takes probiotics?
Any organism in need of probiotics. We just noted that they are extremely useful for the human body and sometimes have to be taken with a prescription. Probiotics are found both in natural form and as pharmaceutical products. Almost in any pharmacy or even online you can buy probiotics in the form of drops or pills. They are created artificially and many people do not want to take them as probiotic supplements. The reason for this is that although the pills are made by professionals and do not harm the body, they are a natural product.
Another option to ensure the right amount of probiotics to the body and this is the natural food we eat. Unfortunately, often only the intake of foods containing probiotics, is not sufficient to obtain your required amount of probiotics. Then supplements are an appropriate solution.
The innovations of the companies which produce probiotic products are aimed at the type of the used probiotic strains, their resistance, and their health effects.
Beneficial effects of probiotics
As we said, many people do not even know that are these so friendly bacteria, and if they have heard they do not know what are their effects on the body. Here is a list of some of the beneficial effects that probiotics have:
- assist in the digestion of lactose
- improve the immune system;
- help with various digestive problems (constipation, colitis)
- reduce skin problems (eczema)
- help with joint problems (arthritis)
- support the treatment of diarrhea – by young children or when it is caused by stress or antibiotic treatment;
- reduce bad cholesterol;
- help to the prevent osteoporosis and diabetes;
- help clear the blood of toxins.
What are the types of probiotics:
Probiotic bacteria are three groups: Lactobacillus, Lactococcus, and Bifidobacterium. Known probiotic bacteria with proven health effects are as follows:
Lactobacillus acidophilus is a collective name for whole kind probiotic bacteria. Their main function is to assist the digestive process. In healthy people, these bacteria normally inhabit the mouth, gastrointestinal tract and primary departments of the female genitals. The task of this probiotic is to maintain a healthy environment and to prevent the development of infections. In particular, they protect the human body from fungal and bacterial infections in the genitourinary system.
Like many other bacteria, Lactobacillus Acidophilus cares for good digestion and degradation of substances in the gastrointestinal tract and also improves peristalsis. The bacteria reduces complaints of people who digest hardly milk and dairy products.
Lactobacillus acidophilus is also recommended to limit the unpleasant side effects due to the intake of antibiotics because it protects against fungal infections and stomach disorders.
Different probiotic microorganisms are recommended for specific health problems, namely:
- Lactobacillus bulgaricus – is one of the bacteria used for the production of yogurt. The bacterium feeds on lactose and producing lactic acid, due to which the yogurt is stored.Studies on this “good” bacteria proved its antitumor activity, immunomodulatory, anti-ulcer and antibiotic activity.
- Lactobacillus acidophilus – suitable against acute diarrhea by children and people with lactase deficiency. Have a positive effect for the restoration of vaginal flora and is recommended for patients on hemodialysis.
- Lactobacillus casei – used in making cheeses like Inhibits the growth of Helicobacter pylori. In combination with other probiotics improves antibiotic-associated diarrhea.
- Lactobacillus plantarum – has antioxidant properties, recommended for treatment of irritable bowel syndrome. Interestingly, it is also recommended to treat depression.
- Lactobacillus rhamnosus – has a beneficial effect in acute viral diarrhea by children, especially rotavirus. Responds well to atopic dermatitis. It is recommended to use for children with a child irritable bowel syndrome.
- Lactobacillus reuteri – except in acute diarrhea, the microorganisms of this type are suited for use in colitis in premature, they are suitable for treating colic in infants. It helps in the treatment of ulcers. Suppresses pathogenic flora, causing tooth decay.
- Str. thermophilus – a major area of application of this bacterium is the production of yogurt and mozzarella. Suitable for admission in patients with lactose intolerance. Well influenced antibiotic-associated diarrhea by taking this probiotic.
- Bifidobacterium bifidum – one of the most widely used probiotic. It is most suitable for the treatment of diarrhea caused by Escherichia coli. Improves the vaginal microflora.
- Bifidobacterium infantis – particularly suitable for use in children who are breastfeeding.
- Bifidobacterium breve – has a good effect on diarrhea, irritable bowel syndrome, colics.
Probiotics Side effects
When you take beneficial bacteria, the “bad” bacteria begin to die. This sometimes causes unpleasant side effects known as a reaction “Jarisch-Herxheimer”, named after the German dermatologist who first identified it. When pathogens begin to die, others try to escape and rush to exit the body. You can get a headache, bloating, gas or symptoms of allergy. Depending on the level of sensitivity, the dose of probiotics can be reduced until symptoms disappear. Despite the first reaction, it is important to realize that this reaction is a positive sign that all is going well.
Which foods contain probiotics?
For example, sauerkraut is also rich in probiotics and is an ideal way to give your body what it needs. Another traditional product that you would not have thought there could be such a good friend of your stomach are sour cucumbers.
Probiotics are found in dark chocolate, “Miso” and the kombucha tea.