Salt Chemistry, History and Benefits

What is the best type of salt

What is salt

Salt, also known as sodium chloride is essentially a natural mineral which is comprised of white crystals having cube shapes. The two elements of sodium and chlorine are present in this chemical compound. It is odorless, colorless and translucent and is known to have a unique taste. It is found in various parts of the globe in the form of a mineral. It is also derived from sea water at times.

It is known to present in adequate quantities in sea water where it happens to be the primary mineral constituent. This condiment is also known to be integral to human lives. To be precise, it is considered to be one of the basic needs of human being. It is used to preserve food at the same time. It is also one of the oldest methods for seasoning the food items. It acts as an osmotic solute and electrolyte and is also known to be an integral nutrient for a healthy life.

However, an excessive amount of the condiment in the diet may lead to certain problems. Some of the diseases that may be caused due to excessive salt intake includes hypertension, high blood pressure, heart diseases, etc. It is recommended that adults should intake sodium chloride of  2,000 mg which is counted to be equal to 5 grams of Sodium chloride on a daily basis.

Salt Chemistry

Salt is known to be an ionic compound that has the formula of NaCl. It signifies similar proportions of sodium and chlorine. Mined sodium chloride is the sea salt that is found in the prehistoric seas. This mined sodium chloride is refined with an eye to producing table salt.

After dissolving the mined salt in water, it is purified with the aid of precipitating other minerals from the solution and evaporating the same. The salt is also known to get ionized at the time of refining. The salt generally is white in color but the presence of impurities may make them purple or blue. The molar mass of the salt is known to be  58.443 grams per mole.

It has a melting point of 1,474 F and the boiling point of 2,669 F. It is known to have a density of 2.17 grams per cubic centimeter and it gets soluble in water with much ease. After getting dissolved in water, salt gets separated into sodium and chlorine ions which make the solubility as 3.59 grams per liter. The solutions made of sodium chloride is known to have varied properties in comparison to pure water. It is known to have a freezing point of −21.12 °C.

Salt History

A human being has always attempted to building a shelter around the sources of it with an eye to trading. Salt has been known to be available since the beginning of civilization. It is the latin version of salt from which the word “salary” has been derived. It is due to the fact that in ancient days, the Romans were paid in salt.

Sodium chloride is also counted to be the best preservative of food since a wide number of years. A remote sodium chloride operation has been found next to the sodium chloride spring in Neamt County, Romania at the archaeological site of Poiana Slatinei. Evidence indicate that the natives of Precucuteni Culture were trying to boil the salt-laden spring water via the briquet process with an eye to extracting the sodium chloride.

With the increase in civilization, salt has become one of the primary trading commodities for man. In the Middle East of the globe, people used salt for sealing the agreement. During the war, a scattering of salt used to be done in the defeated city with an eye to preventing the growth of plants. In the country of Africa, people used salt as a currency whereas, in Abyssinia, people used slabs of sodium chloride as coins.

Salt in food

Sodium chloride is known to be present in different kinds of food. It is known to present in minute quantities in natural food items which include fruit, meat, and vegetables. It is also added to processed food at times. Thus, sodium chloride is found in canned foods, snack foods, pickled foods. It is used to flavor and preserve the food at the same time.

The sodium chloride is also used on an extensive scale to prepare cheese and butter products. The herring is known to contain sodium of 67 mg per 100 g. On the other hand, the preserved form of herring, the kipper is known to consist of 990 mg. While bacon is known to have 63 mg of sodium, whereas bacon consists of 1.480 mg of salt.

Potatoes consist of 7mg of salt whereas potato crisps are known to have the salt of 800 mg in 100g. The primary sources of sodium chloride in food include bread, dairy products, cereal products, milk and meat products. In East Asian cultures, sodium chloride is not used in the form of condiment. In such places, oyster sauce, fish sauce, and soy sauce are used as they are known to consist of the high content of sodium.

Why Salt is good for you

Salt improves the sensitivity of insulin and thus assist in controlling the blood sugar. A diet including low sodium chloride also helps to enhance the insulin resistance.

If a person is suffering from frequent asthma attacks or has an allergic reaction, conditions may be improved many folds by sprinkling a little sodium chloride on the tongue.

Sodium chloride is also a prerequisite for maintaining the right pH balance of stomach. It also assists in digestion at the same time.

Adrenaline is known to be one of the stress hormones. If the adrenaline patterns are altered, the spikes can be reduced with the aid of the ingredient.

Sodium chloride is also counted to be an integral part of the diet owing to the anti-excitatory and anti-stress qualities. It enhances the rate of metabolism and suppresses the stress hormones. Thus, an adequate amount of sodium chloride is a must for improving the quality.

Adequate consumption of Sodium chloride may lead to a quick metabolism and healthier weight at the same time.Cortisol levels are lowered in blood with the consumption of sodium chloride.

Sodium chloride is also known to reduce the circulating of stress hormones and support the functions of the thyroid. For instance, excess cortisol is combatted with the aid of sodium chloride. The right amount of sodium chloride intake may assist in balancing and supporting the hormones.

Last but not the least, sodium chloride plays a vital role in adding to the taste of food. Cuisines become much more enjoyable owing to the presence of sodium chloride.