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The brain is part of the central nervous system and its role is to control the operation of the organism as a whole and be responsible for our communication with the outside world.
Our brain helps us to store information, to analyze, make decisions and act appropriately in any situation. Quite often, however, our brain activity is influenced by various external factors that weaken our memory and our brain activity slows down.
If mental fatigue is so big and the usual means not help, consult a specialist to prescribe nootropics or smart drugs. They act directly on the brain processes. They can improve memory, increase concentration and the total activity of the brain by reducing the nervous excitement and anxiety.
The most famous among the smart drugs is piracetam. It continually proves its effectiveness since 1963.
Additionally, the effect of the nootropics is not achieved quickly. In order to achieve noticeable results, they should be taken for 2-3 months. Despite their long-term effects they are used by students to increase concentration and productivity.
The smart drugs can improve the brain activity
Nootropics, also called “smart” drugs because of their beneficial feature on all cognitive processes associated with memory, concentration, and attention. This makes them irreplaceable tools in the treatment of various types of dementia. Furthermore, it is widely known and their usage in the rehabilitation of stroke, as well as a complex therapy of dyslexia among children.
Their role as neuroprotective and improving the metabolism of the nerve cells by enhancing their flexibility, give them an important place in the treatment of many other brain conditions. Major representatives of the group of the nootropics are the racetams.
How does the nootropic work according to the studies?
Although there are lots of clinical trials, the exact mechanisms of their action are not yet fully explored. According to some researchers, they act on the membrane of nerve cells. Therefore is affecting the release of certain neurotransmitters and receptors.
What are the functions of the smart drugs?
- Protection of the nerve cells – enhance the resistance of nerve cells to hypoxia and toxic substances. The greatest effect is on the damaged cells whose recovery accelerates and improves under the influence of the nootropics;
- Improve interaction between the two sides of the brain and enhance cortical control and thus affect the speed of thinking, planning tasks, and storage of memories;
- Improve blood circulation, preventing adhesion of red blood cells to the vascular wall. And thus improve the blood circulation to the brain, providing it with the needed oxygen and glucose. This has a beneficial effect on all functions of the brain. It is especially important for quick recovery of oxygen and glucose needs of the brain.
In which conditions is required the usage of nootropic drugs?
- Any brain accidents and their consequences. The most common are speech disorders. The beneficial effect depends on how early the treatment begins. The optimal result can appear at least 7 hours after the first intake. Initially, begins with injection and then proceed to oral treatment with tablets;
- Memory, thinking and attention disorders – improve the process of learning, increase the speed of thought and the ability to retrieve information from the deep memory, increase the length of active attention and concentration;
- Improvement of cognitive function in conditions associated with intellectual deficit – for example, among children with Down Syndrome, etc .;
- After skull trauma, intoxication with heavy metals and other conditions affecting the brain;
- Cases of uncontrolled single or repetitive twitches of individual muscle groups;
- Vertigo of central and peripheral origin and related infringement in balance and gait;
- Dyslexia by children – as part of a complex therapy;
- Alcohol abuse;
- Anxiety, depression – along with the main treatment.
The dosage of the smart drug depends on its purpose and is strictly individual. The doctor decides according to the patient’s condition and its accompanying diseases at what dose to prescribe and the length of the intake.
The smart drugs act in several ways:
- improve cognitive functions of the brain;
- the ability to remember;
- the absorption of oxygen and glucose to the brain.
Typical for them is that they should be taken regularly and continuously to have an effect on the brain. There are some natural substances that mimic the effects of nootropic, a typical representative of these herbs are found in almost every drugstore – Ginkgo Biloba.
What are the side effects?
The nootropics, particularly “racetams” have low toxicity, even after prolonged intake. The possible side effects are:
- weight gain;
- uncontrollable muscle twitching;
They are mostly seen by adults and high dosage.
All offered products and supplements, which are on the market to fight mental fatigue have one disadvantage – they are not well examined. Scientists are still researching their effectiveness, safety, and side effects.
Furthermore, the smart drugs are very interesting compounds. Scientists still debate whether their effects on the brain are exactly as they are described by the pharmaceutical companies because they can have a strong placebo effect.